The conservation on the abundance and diversity of insect pollinators is a decisive action to
avoid the negative impact that the lack of these insects can produce on agriculture, on food
production and security, and on environmental sustainability. More than one third of the world's
agricultural production depends on Apis mellifera pollination. During the last years there is an
alarming increase in the collapse of honey bee colonies where bee pathogens like Varroa
destructor mites, the microsporidia Nosema ssp. and viruses participate actively. Colony decline
might compromise not only food security but also present and future income to the growers.